The retina is a light-sensitive area in the back of the eye, and it includes the macula, a structure that appears as a small dot inside the retina. Damage to the retina can lead to blindness or vision interruption, such as black spots or floaters. The vitreous body is a clear gel that fills the space between the retina and the lens, and it changes its consistency throughout life. Both structures can be subject to a number of conditions, including problems caused by trauma to the eye, inherited or congenital conditions, and diseases of the eye which appear later in life.
Macular degeneration and Diabetic Retinopathy are common retina-related problems. These diseases can lead to blindness if not treated. Degenerative diseases are not the only ones that affect the retina and thereby vision. Although rare, the retina can also be affected due to malnutrition and a lack of Vitamin A in the diet. Retinal surgery, laser treatments, and intraocular injections are common solutions to many who are bordering on losing vision due to retinal issues.